Attitudes Towards Assessment: Moving Away From Exams

Assessment design shapes student learning. When we place all the focus on an end-of-semester exam, what does that mean for our students?

It’s no surprise that the structure of assessments within a course influences student motivation and study habits. From a students point of view, the weightings of assessments are an obvious indicator of what content and skills are truly valued. As much as we hate to admit it, students often work in the opposite direction to what we’d like. They let what’s being assessed define what needs to be learned — not the other way around.

So when we consider how much weighting we place on end-of-semester exams, it’s no wonder we see students disengaging during the semester, and cramming 12 weeks worth of learning into a couple of days and nights. When students orient themselves towards what’s going to be assessed on an exam, it comes at the expense of deeper learning. And while we might try to create exam tasks that encourage more than just remembering and regurgitating, there’s only so much we can fairly ask students to do in a two-hour period.

Authentic assessment over exams

More and more institutions are trying to shift away from high-stakes examinations, and towards creating holistic assessment experiences for their students. By taking students out of an exam hall and removing the limitations of a standard invigilated exam, we have the opportunity to engage students in authentic learning experiences. What’s better, is that authentic assessment pieces provide a more reliable indication of student learning, especially when we want to evaluate higher-order skills. Understanding and analysing concepts, applying knowledge, and thinking critically are a lot easier to assess without the pressures of a standard exam.

While continuous assessment becomes a golden standard for encouraging consistent student learning, we can work towards that goal by adding formative elements to prepare students for traditionally summative tasks. Crafting an assessment journey of research, planning, and drafting, in the build up to a time-limited, final piece is just one example of this. Working feedback into the process means students are able to learn through the assessment as well.

These cumulative assessment experiences also help students feel more confident coming into high stakes assessments. With multiple opportunities to evaluate their knowledge and skills, they build on their understanding while receiving feedback along the way. Providing students with early indicators of their progress lets them fill in the gaps and work towards achieving learning outcomes — all in time for their final assessment. So as we begin to rethink assessment strategies, supporting students along the way, we also see changes in student attitudes towards learning.

Engaging assessment made easy

One of the main motivations for invigilated exams is the ability to ensure a piece of work is a student’s own. As we move away from traditional tests and exams, we need alternatives that don’t compromise on reliability and validity. By designing truly authentic assessments, we encourage students to remain engaged with their work, and make it harder to outsource. And with a tool like Cadmus, teachers can create these tasks in an environment with built-in academic integrity measures.

With Cadmus, you can create flexible learning experiences that mirror real-world situations. For example, releasing different information to groups of students, like varying case studies or scenarios, allows students to be sent down different paths through their assessment. Not only does this create more engaging assessment pieces, but it’s also incredibly easy to manage in Cadmus.

If you’re interested in using Cadmus to make your next summative piece a bit more authentic, read more here

A better way to do
written assessment

Now available at the following universities...

University of Melbourne Deakin University
Edith Cowan University Queensland University of technology